What Are Nasal Polyps?
Nasal polyps are soft grape-like growths on the lining of your nasal passageways or sinuses. They typically begin in the area where your sinuses open into the nasal cavity but can grow into the sinuses and down into the nose. This can lead to nasal congestion, sinus infections, and a decrease in your sense of smell.
What Causes Nasal Polyps?
Nasal polyps result from constant (chronic) inflammation of the nasal membranes due to infections, sensitivity to aspirin or NSAIDs, cystic fibrosis, or disorders related to your immune system. However, allergies are the most common cause of nasal polyps.
Why some people get nasal polyps is somewhat of a mystery. Some scientists believe that those who have nasal polyps have a different type of immune response in their nasal membranes than those who don’t have them.
What are the Symptoms of Nasal Polyps?
Some nasal polyps are tiny and cause few problems. Others produce symptoms. The most common symptoms of nasal polyps and chronic sinusitis are:
- Runny nose
- Postnasal drip
- Decreased of sense of smell
- Change in sense of taste
- Upper teeth pain
- Headache (or facial pressure)
- Chronic infections
How are Nasal Polyps Diagnosed?
Diagnosis is usually made through examination of your nasal cavity. A small lighted tube called an endoscope may be passed through your nostrils into your nose to inspect deeper in your nasal cavity. A CT scan can be useful in determining the size and extent of the polyps.
How are Nasal Polyps Treated?
Depending on the size and extent of the polyps various treatments are available.
Medications—Treatment for nasal polyps typically begins with nasal or oral corticosteroids. These can reduce the size or eliminate polyps altogether.
Surgery--When medications do not eradicate polyps surgery is needed. This is performed as an outpatient where an endoscope and small delicate instruments are passed into the nostril into the sinus cavities. Polyps are removed, and any problem with the sinuses that make them prone to develop polyps are corrected.
SINUVA Sinus Implant
What Is SINUVA?
SINUVA is for patients who have had previous ethmoid sinus surgery and have recurring nasal polyps. SINUVA in a small steroid implant placed in the office into the location where the polyps have re-developed. SINUVA slowly releases anti-inflammatory medicine to treat and shrink nasal polyps. It is left in place for up to 90 days and is then removed.
Does SINUVA Hurt? Can I Feel It?
Clinical studies have shown that over 85 percent of patients receiving SINUVA could not feel it in place in their sinus cavities.
Are There Any Risks Of SINUVA?
The most common reactions observed in the clinical trials for SINUVA were bronchitis, upper respiratory or middle ear infections, headaches, lightheadedness, asthma, and nosebleed. The risks are similar to those associated with other endoscopic sinus procedures.